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September 4 1812: Assiniboia Established



On  September 4 1812, Miles Macdonnell takes formal possession of Assiniboia colony located where the Red and Assiniboine Rivers meet. This colony would become the City of Winnipeg. It was founded by Lord Selkirk. There is a ceremony on the east side of the Red River (now St. Boniface) where the transfer deed in English and French is read by Macdonnell. He writes the following excerpt in his journal:
Friday, September 4 - At 12 o'clock today fired our signal gun and hoisted our colours - being the signal agreed on with the N.W.Co. gentlemen that we were ready to begin - they accordingly came across - when the conveyance was read. both in English and French in the presence of all our people and several Canadians and Indians (Mr. Heney having prepared a translation) my commission was likewise read - at the conclusion of which 7 swivels were discharged and 3 cheers given. The gentlemen assembled at my tent and partook of a cold snacke and we drank toasts appropriate to the occasion. The Head was driven into a Keg of Rum for the populace. Mr. Wills was obliged to go away early on account of canoes he was sending off which broke up our party sooner than we should otherwise have done.

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